Mindfulness and Stuttering

Mindfulness and Stuttering | Sol Speech & Language Therapy | Austin Texas

If you’re interested in holistic health and wellness, it’s hard not to have some knowledge of mindfulness.

Simply put, mindfulness is paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment.

To be more specific, it’s a mental state you can achieve by focusing your awareness on the now.

Rather than judging your feelings or sensations, you accept them as they are and let them flow through you.

But no matter how you describe it or define it, it’s clear that mindfulness has a plethora of benefits to our health and wellness.

And believe it or not, that includes speech therapy.

In particular, speech therapy for stuttering.

Physical benefits include the following:

  • Boost energy levels
  • Improves sleep
  • Reduces chronic pain
  • Calms the body
  • Improves metabolism

Mental benefits are abundant too:

  • Relieves stress and anxiety
  • Increases patience
  • Better focus and productivity
  • Helps you to feel more connected
  • Improves mood and happiness

So, What Does This Have To Do With Speech and Language?

Years ago, I became interested in wellness and ways to improve my personal wellbeing.

This quickly seeped into my job as a speech language pathologist.

Besides all the great physical and mental benefits of mindfulness, I found there are also so many wonderful ways for speech language pathologists to incorporate mindfulness into their sessions, and countless benefits for our clients.

Specifically, research has been done on the benefits of mindfulness on students in the school setting that have been diagnosed with a range of disorders, including in therapies for autism spectrum disorder, and for ADHD.

Benefits included improved executive function, memory, attention, increased numbers on standardized tests, better grades, improved engagement with peers, improved social skills, and better self esteem, as well as compliance and school attendance.

Then, I took my research a step further.

Through my deep dive into speech language pathology and the “wellness” sphere, I found one important takeaway: practices that successfully reduce stress and anxiety can have a positive impact on everyone, but especially those who stutter.

The disorder of stuttering is associated with many problems.

Besides physical speech disruptions such as blocks, sound prolongations, and word repetitions, people who stutter may:

  • Experience negative thoughts and emotions related to communication
  • Be subjected to negative stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination
  • Be at greater risk of victimization and bullying

These problems may be related to, and trigger, increased anxiety levels.

A review of the literature reveals that there is considerable overlap between what is required for effective stuttering management and the benefits provided by various mindfulness practices.

What Does Mindfulness in Speech Therapy Look Like?

Mindfulness can work in many ways, including:

  • To decrease avoidance of anxiety inducing situations or particular sounds the client knows they will stutter on
  • To improve emotional reactivity
  • To manage the physical manifestations brought on by stuttering (head shaking, noisy breathing, foot tapping)

A 2011 study by MP Boyle found that mindfulness training may benefit people who stutter through improving sensory feedback and attentional focus believed to be necessary for fluent speech production.

This can come to life a few different ways in practice…but all are set up to do 3 things:

  1. To increase your ability to sustain attentional focus
  2. To show you the difference between thinking about sensations and experiencing them directly
  3. To show you how to relate differently to thoughts and feelings

Ideas for Mindfulness and Speech Therapy

Let’s put it into practice…

First, awareness of everyday activities.

One great example is the “5 senses” game, in which you take a piece of food and describe it using all five senses.

But this can really be done with any activity, including washing the dishes, taking a bath or shower, or walking around the neighborhood.

Another is activities for awareness of breath.

When you’re worried, upset, or anxious, you can feel it viscerally (fast heart beat, sweaty palms).

The system responsible for this is your sympathetic nervous system, better known as your “fight or flight” response.

To interrupt this stress response, it’s helpful to power up the parasympathetic nervous system, by turning on the vagus nerve.

Deep breathing can activate the vagus nerve, which can stimulate your body’s relaxation response, slow down your heart rate, relieve emotional distress, improve mood, lower blood pressure, and help center our thoughts.

Something to try: create a “three minute breathing space” to activate the vagus nerve in session, where the focus is breathing deeply in through your nostrils, filling your belly up, holding it for 3-4 seconds, and releasing out through your mouth.

Next is body scan, which involves bringing focused attention to various parts of your body.

  1. Attention is given to a certain part of the body.
  2. It’s held in awareness for a brief time to explore any sensations that arise in that area.
  3. Awareness is let go before focusing attention on the next region.

Other ways speech language therapists might incorporate mindfulness into a speech therapy session include the following:

1. changing one’s relationship to their thoughts, through viewing thoughts as images flashing on a movie screen.

2. creating an action plan for possible relapse through list making, deep breathing and then making a choice of what to do based on what has been helpful in the past.

Some of my personal favorites to incorporate in a speech and language therapy session are:

When paired with skilled direct speech therapy treatment, practicing mindfulness can make a big difference.

Whether in the form of meditation, awareness of breath activities, mentally focused exercises, or any other activity, it doesn’t matter.

So long as its focus is on bringing you or your child into the present moment, a mindfulness practice can reduce stress and anxiety, and help those who stutter.

Book Your Appointment With Sol Speech And Language Therapy Today

Do you or your child have a stuttering disorder?

If so, a speech therapy approach incorporating mindfulness may help.

To find out more, book your appointment with Sol Speech And Language Therapy today.

Sol Speech & Language Therapy
6448 E Hwy 290 Suite E-106,
Austin, TX 78723

(512) 368-9488
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Sol Speech & Language Therapy
555 Round Rock W Dr E-221,
Round Rock, TX 78681

(512) 808-3953
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Sol Speech & Language Therapy offers personalized skilled intervention to those struggling with their speech and language skills. Services offered include screening, consultation, and comprehensive evaluation. We also provide one-on-one and/or group therapy for speech sound disorders, receptive/expressive language delay/disorder, stuttering/cluttering, accent reduction, and much more.